Fats Domino's fortunes changed dramatically in 1955 when his song, "Ain't That A Shame" was covered by White recording artist, Pat Boone. Boone's version went to number one and Domino's version on Imperial went to number ten. The song established both artists as stars. In 1956 he put five songs in the American Top 40, including "I'm In Love Again" (#3) and Fats' rendition of a tune that had reached number one for Glenn Miller in 1940, "Blueberry Hill" (#2). The latter became Domino's highest charting record ever. Fats could also be heard in the background on the records of other artists such as Joe Turner and Lloyd Price.
In 1957 he appeared in a movie that many consider to be the best Rock 'n' Roll film ever made, The Girl Can't Help It, singing his hit "Blue Monday" (#5). Another Fats Domino hit, "I'm Walkin" (#4) was covered by Ricky Nelson in 1957 and helped to launch the teenage singing sensation's career. Other Top Ten songs followed in the late '50s for Domino: "Whole Lotta Loving" (#6), "I Want To Walk You Home" (#8) and "Be My Guest" (#8). The last song had a curious origin. A teenager had been told by his father to get a job or get out of the house, so he wrote "Be My Guest" and waited in line for a chance to pass it on to Fats Domino. He was able to do so, and heard from Domino's agent some time later. Thus began the songwriting career of Tommy Boyce, who would later team up with Bobby Hart to write some of Rock 'n' Roll's best selling songs.
Fats had his final U.S. Top Ten song in 1960 with the million seller, "Walking To New Orleans". He continued his hit streak by placing 14 more songs in Billboard's Top 40 over the next three years. After moving to ABC-Paramount in 1963, the bottom fell out of Fats' recording career and the best he could do was reach number 35 with a song called "Red Sails In The Sunset", but he remained a popular live act. Although he continued to release new material on several labels, Fats had only one more Top 100 hit, a 1968 cover of the Beatles song "Lady Madonna", originally written by Paul McCartney to emulate Fat's style.
Through the '70s, Fats was on the road six to eight months of the year. In the 1980s, he decided he would no longer leave New Orleans, as he had a comfortable income from royalties, disliked touring, and claimed he couldn't get any food he liked anywhere but his home town. His induction into The Rock And Roll Hall of Fame in 1986 and an invitation to perform at the White House failed to get Domino to make any exception to this policy. In 1987, he received a Lifetime Achievement Award at the 29th Annual Grammy Awards.
In 1993, Fats released his first major label album in 25 years, "Christmas Is A Special Day", to critical acclaim, but limited sales. In 1998, he received a National Medal Of The Arts from U.S. President Bill Clinton. As the new millenium rolled around, Fats Domino was living in a New Orleans mansion with his wife Rosemary, with whom he had eight children, all of whom have names that start with "A". He was a familiar sight around town in his bright pink Cadillac and made yearly appearances at the New Orleans Jazz and Heritage Festival and a few other local events where he demonstrated that his musicianship and showmanship were undiminished.
In August of 2005, the 78-year-old music legend made headlines when was rescued from the rooftop of his home after Hurricane Katrina struck. In 2006, he released his first album in nearly two decades, "Alive and Kickin'", to benefit New Orleans musicians impacted by the storm. The title track was recorded after Katrina, but most of the other cuts were from unreleased sessions in the 1990s. On January 12th, 2007, Domino was honored with OffBeat magazine's Lifetime Achievement Award at the annual Best Of The Beat Awards held at House Of Blues in New Orleans. Fats' next appearance came on May 19th, 2007 at Tipitina's in New Orleans, performing to a packed house. In September of that year, he was inducted into the Louisiana Music Hall of Fame. Fats has also been inducted into the Delta Music Museum Hall of Fame in Ferriday. In December, 2007, Fats Domino was inducted into the Hit Parade Hall of Fame. In May, 2009, he made an unexpected appearance for The Domino Effect, a concert aimed at raising funds to help rebuild schools and playgrounds damaged by Hurricane Katrina. In October 2012, he was featured in season three of the television series Treme, where he played himself. On August 21, 2016, Domino was inducted into the Rhythm & Blues Hall of Fame in Detroit, Michigan along with Dionne Warwick, Cathy Hughes, Smokey Robinson, Prince, and The Supremes.
Domino died on October 24, 2017 at his home in Harvey, Louisiana at the age age of 89, after a long illness.
Fats Domino made a significant mark in Rock 'n' Roll history. In the period 1949-1960, he had 23 records that sold a million copies and during his career, has racked up over 65 million in sales. Between 1955 and 1963 he placed 37 songs on the Billboard Top / Hot 100 chart. He also received a Grammy Award for Lifetime Achievement in 1987.